Top spawning happens in April-Get (13) coincident which have top connect costs and enhanced position

Top spawning happens in April-Get (13) coincident which have top connect costs and enhanced position

A diagnosis now underway (12) off geographical designs and moving on off highest hook rate parts went to by Their state-dependent longline collection means that the greatest abundance parts shift far towards the north during the summer

The latest bimodal trend out of relative month-to-month wealth as well as how it might relate solely to spawning and reputation off dolphinfish looks harder than just to have swordfish otherwise wahoo. Although not, spawning continues all year round nearby the countries (14), the condition restrict happen late around within the second function when you look at the connect pricing, together with position lowest comes after when you look at the February.

We suggest that the new spring season top for the connect rates and summer decline in catch and condition was about spawning aggregation around the Destinations. Dolphinfish ovaries obtained in the main Destinations and inside the highest shallower financial institutions that have reasonable isles or red coral atolls with the northwest regarding Adventure dating site the Northwestern Hawaiian islands all of the are available happy to spawn or got just produced, predicated on visibility out of moisturized eggs otherwise post-ovulatory follicles. Apparently couple ovaries away from dolphinfish gathered > 70 mi. (> 130km) from shore set-up hydrated eggs, but many most other dolphinfish ovaries was basically undeveloped otherwise looked to-be reabsorbing the vitellogenic oocytes prior to they’d achieved readiness. (14)

This new Sep-October limit spawning position coincident which have rise in seaside connect prices October-November you can expect to result from a get back to the hawaiian islands of one’s Hawaiian archipelago alter a great nonspawning interval offshore. But not, the elevated updates might recommend that seafood come back away from significantly more active waters near the southern area edge of the subtropical convergence so you’re able to this new northern. And also the March-March minimum position you will definitely echo opportunity loss during the winter season spawning.

We postulate two possible migration scenarios which might explain changes in dolphinfish condition. In the first scenario, well conditioned fish enter nearshore (< 50 mi. or < 93 km) waters from the open ocean, and engage in intense reproductive activities, resulting in weight loss. The dolphinfish, now in an emaciated state, return to the open ocean. In the summer, the density of dolphinfish near the main Hawaiian Islands is low, perhaps because they migrate offshore to avoid their main predator, the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, which increase in numbers in nearshore waters to reproduce (Hopper, 1990). While offshore during the summer, dolphinfish improve their condition during a nonreproductive period. When they return in late September and October, their condition is at their highest level. A similar nearshore-offshore spawning movement for dolphinfish has been suggested by Wheeler and Ommanney (1953), Williams (1953), Kojima (1955), Williams and Newell (1957), and Arocha et al. (1999).

We plus give thanks to H

600 mi. (step 1,100 kilometres) throughout the head Island destinations into the southern border of one’s subtropical overlap top in which yields is actually higher. Around it fatten up-and next migrate southward returning to the fresh new Hawaiian archipelago to replicate once again nearshore. This design might possibly be much like the migration model described from the Oxenford and you may Hunte (1986a). A clearer visualize can get emerge from the longline fleet catch speed analysis. While the February-March reputation maxima recommend that job scientists should look to have evidence out of a young level in spawning.

We thank the brand new Joined Angling Agency additionally the vessel captains, consumers, and employees within seafood auction getting enabling me to gather investigation. We have been in debt so you can A beneficial. Chun who vigilantly compiled and you can correctly filed the information and knowledge at the beginning of the new morning for all of us weeks. Greatly appreciated would be the analytical recommendations and you may opinion available with Yards. McCracken additionally the vital comments and preview out-of plots of land out-of dolphinfish and you will wahoo CPUE for each and every step one-studies because of the step 1-studies a portion of the Hawaii-dependent fishery provided by D. Kobayashi. Oxenford, K. Bigelow, E. DeMartini, and you will Grams. Dinardo for their of good use guidance.

Deixe um comentário

Your email address will not be published.