Answers (female vs. male voice) to all items were used to calculate average gender consistency ratings for M/F animals and items separately, for M/F nouns, and a total consistency index for all nouns. The consistency ratings could have any value between 0 (always inconsistent with grammatical gender) and 1 (always consistent with gender). These ratings were compared to random chance of 0.5 using one-sample t-tests. A strong consistency of voice with grammatical gender was present for all conditions. For masculine animals, it was M = 0.86, SD = 0.18, t(99) = , p < 0.001.>
This experiment got a couple fundamental desires. The initial was to confirm the latest part from grammatical gender from inside the conceptual representations inside Polish and you will secondly, to check on whether or not grammatical gender pointers transfers to low-verbal point. Images off things and you will terms was in fact more often assigned a voice in keeping with the grammatical gender – male voices have been assigned to grammatically male stuff and you will women sounds to help you women objects. New determine from grammatical gender towards the assignment away from voice happened both for animate (animals) and you can inanimate nouns (objects). More over, the outcome was present and you may similar to have spoken and you will graphic stimuli, and each separate group.
The occurrence of such a robust impression per class ways the significance of gender pointers in the conceptual representations. The outcome is actually probably dependent on the nature of experimental activity, and therefore contains assigning a male or female voice so you’re able to private objects, and thus clearly known the category of biological sex, that will have cognitively triggered gender guidance and you may triggerred entry to they. The truth that there are zero significant differences in the outcomes ranging from terms and conditions and you may photographs is generally associated with the tendency to unofficially show brand new labels out of stuff when accepting all of them on photographs. Since showed by the Cubelli ainsi que al. (2011), in case there is photographs use of factual statements about grammatical gender happens as a result of the activation of your name of the demonstrated target (articulatory suppression makes the grammatical gender impact decrease). Assigning female and male voices so you’re able to animals and you can inanimate stuff in respect with the grammatical gender of the brands suggests that this new grammatical gender outcomes within the Shine may be present at the conceptual level, when gender are a specific the main decision activity.
It’s value detailing one to if you’re Tests step one and 2 have been geared towards examining implicit knowledge under time tension, they lacked environmental authenticity. On the other hand, Test step 3 spends a process which is similar to a bona fide-life decision away from going for exactly what sound to offer so you’re able to a mobile reputation within the an upcoming film. The procedure is actually comparable to eliciting tastes during the a survey. Outcome of the about three studies are thus a whole lot more generalizable to other tasks.
Grammatical gender is an important syntactic event that can impact the semantic quantity of running and various intellectual process. not, look for the extent and activities associated with impact delivers contradictory performance. It is assumed (look for Reste ainsi que al., 2002) this is due to, as well as others, interlingual differentiation of the gender possibilities, and therefore grammatical gender consequences can differ in almost any dialects. The goal of our very own performs were to check out the the brand new the quantity away from grammatical gender effects from inside the Shine.
New specificity of one’s Shine vocabulary (5 grammatical genders hence rare this new telecommunications ranging from genders from nouns and you will sex of its referents, however, simultaneously, most grammatical gender indicators) prompted us to test the fresh similarity and gender hypothesis plus the sex and you will gender hypothesis within words. We had been also in search of if gender consequences you can expect to are available one another at lexicosemantic height and also at the latest white men marrying austrian women conceptual top.